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Polio – what is it and how it effects us

September 13, 2017 by optima
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Polio

Also called: poliomyelitis

Polio

Mother helping her son walk. Close-up of destroyed nerve cells in the spinal cord that cause muscle wasting and paralysis.

ABOUT Polio: It is a virus that may cause paralysis and is easily preventable by the polio vaccine.

Fast facts about Polio:

  • Preventable by vaccine
  • Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging always required
  • Polio is transmitted through contaminated water or food, or contact with an infected person.

Many people who are infected with the polio virus don’t become sick and have no symptoms. However, those who do become ill develop paralysis, which can sometimes be fatal 

SYMPTOMS

You can have no symptoms, but people may experience:

Whole body: fatigue, feeling faint, fever, or wasting away

Muscular: muscle weakness, loss of muscle, or muscle quiver

Also, common: headache, nausea, or slow growth

 

TREATMENTS

Treatment varies

Treatment includes bed rest, pain relievers and portable ventilators.

 

Prevention

  • Hygiene – Personal cleanliness that promotes health and well-being. For example, washing hands before eating.
  • Self-care –Bed rest – Reducing activity for a short period of time following injury or illness to promote healing.

Therapies

Medications

Specialists

 

Consult a doctor for medical advice if any of these symptoms occur.

Sources: Mayo Clinic and others

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