Also called: poliomyelitis
Mother helping her son walk. Close-up of destroyed nerve cells in the spinal cord that cause muscle wasting and paralysis.
ABOUT Polio: It is a virus that may cause paralysis and is easily preventable by the polio vaccine.
Fast facts about Polio:
- Preventable by vaccine
- Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured
- Requires a medical diagnosis
- Lab tests or imaging always required
- Polio is transmitted through contaminated water or food, or contact with an infected person.
Many people who are infected with the polio virus don’t become sick and have no symptoms. However, those who do become ill develop paralysis, which can sometimes be fatal
You can have no symptoms, but people may experience:
Whole body: fatigue, feeling faint, fever, or wasting away
Muscular: muscle weakness, loss of muscle, or muscle quiver
Also, common: headache, nausea, or slow growth
Treatment includes bed rest, pain relievers and portable ventilators.
- Hygiene – Personal cleanliness that promotes health and well-being. For example, washing hands before eating.
- Self-care –Bed rest – Reducing activity for a short period of time following injury or illness to promote healing.
- Physical Therapy – Restores muscle strength and function through exercise.
- Nonsteroidal anti-Inflammatory drug – Relieves pain, decreases inflammation and reduces fever.
- Analgesic – Relieves pain.
- Infectious Disease Doctor – Treats infections, including those that are tropical in nature.
- Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation – Restores function and quality of life to those with physical disabilities.
- Neurologist – Treats nervous system disorders.
- Paediatrician – Provides medical care for infants, children and teenagers.
Consult a doctor for medical advice if any of these symptoms occur.
Sources: Mayo Clinic and others