Please wait...

Epilepsy.jpg
17/Feb/2019

What Is Epilepsy?

It’s a problem with your brain’s electrical system. A surge of electrical impulses causes brief changes in movement, behavior, feeling, or awareness. These events, known as seizures, last from a few seconds to a few minutes. People who’ve had two or more seizures without obvious triggers at least 24 hours apart have epilepsy.

What Are the Symptoms?

Epilepsy can cause convulsions — sudden, uncontrolled movements. But seizures can trigger a wide range of other symptoms, from staring to falling to fumbling with clothes. Most doctors divide them into different types, according to how they affect your brain. Each has its own set of symptoms.

Absence Seizures

These are often described as staring spells. The person stops what he’s doing, stares into space for a few seconds, then goes on like nothing happened. It’s most common in children and usually starts between the ages of 4 and 12. Some kids have as many as 100 absence seizures in 1 day.

Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures

These used to be called grand mal seizures, and they’re the most easily spotted. Your arms and legs stiffen, then begin to jerk. This can last up to 3 minutes. After it happens, you’ll probably be tired and confused. This type of seizure involves many areas of the brain.

Focal Onset Seizures

Also called partial seizures, these start in one part of your brain. You might make jerking motions or see things that aren’t there, but still be aware of what’s happening. If you have a complex partial seizure, you might wander, mumble, smack your lips, or fumble with your clothes. Others might think you’re conscious, but you won’t be aware of what you’re doing.

What Causes Epilepsy?

Anything that disrupts the brain’s natural circuitry can bring on this disorder:

  • Genes

  • A change in the structure of your brain

  • Severe head injury

  • Brain infection or disease

  • Stroke

  • Lack of oxygen

Most people with epilepsy never find a specific cause.

Do Kids Get Epilepsy?

Yes, but some outgrow it in a few years. Regular medication often stops it. If drugs alone don’t keep it under control, other treatments may help. A well-informed school staff can help a child with epilepsy safely take part in most activities.

Diagnosis: EEG

A doctor will review the description of your seizures and your medical history, then examine you. He’ll give you a test called an electroencephalogram (EEG) to confirm a diagnosis and get more information about your seizures. It’s a painless procedure that records your brain’s electrical activity as wavy lines. The pattern changes during a seizure and may show which part of the brain is affected. That can help guide your treatment.

Diagnosis: Brain Scan

Detailed images of your brain from tests like CT or MRI scans can help doctors rule out some things as causes, like a change in the structure of your brain, bleeding, or masses. A CT scan is a powerful type of X-ray, and an MRI uses magnets and radio waves to make pictures. This information will help your doctor come up with the best treatment plan for you.

Epilepsy Complications

The best way to avoid them is to find a treatment that helps you, and stick with it. Most people with the brain disorder live a long time, and they’re rarely injured during seizures. But if you fall during them, you may need a helmet to protect your head. Some types of seizures may make an early death more likely, but this is rare.

Safety Measures

Because seizures often strike without warning, some activities are dangerous. Losing consciousness while swimming or taking a bath could be life-threatening. The same goes for many extreme sports, like mountain climbing. Most states require you to be seizure-free for a certain amount of time before driving a car.

Treatment: Medication

Anti-seizure drugs are the most common epilepsy treatment. If a medication doesn’t work, your doctor may adjust the dose or prescribe a different drug for you. About two-thirds of people with the brain disorder become seizure-free by taking their meds as prescribed.

Treatment: Ketogenic Diet

If medications don’t work, a doctor may suggest this eating plan. It’s strict, and your medical team will watch you closely while you do it. The diet is high in fat and protein, and low in carbs — a mix that makes your body burn fat instead of sugar. This creates changes in your brain that help lower your chances of seizures. More than half of children who follow this diet have at least 50% fewer seizures. Some even stop having them.

Treatment: Stimulation Therapies

There are several types:

  • VNS. It stands for vagus nerve stimulation. Sometimes it’s called a pacemaker for your brain. It sends electrical pulses through a large nerve in your neck.

  • Cortical stimulation. Surgeons place electrodes on the surface of your brain.

  • Deep brain stimulation. Electrodes placed deep in the brain can cut seizures by 50% or more for some people.

Treatment: Surgery

It can stop partial seizures. If the medical team finds that yours always begin in a single area of your brain, removing that area may stop them or make them easier to manage. Surgery also treats conditions that cause seizures, like a brain tumor.

First Aid for Seizures

If you see someone having a seizure, take the following steps:

  • Time how long it lasts.

  • Clear the area of anything hard or sharp.

  • Loosen anything at the neck that may affect her breathing.

  • Turn her onto her side.

  • Put something soft beneath her head.

  • Don’t place anything inside her mouth.

Call 911 if a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, happens again, or the person is pregnant, injured, or has diabetes.

Treatment for Status Seizures

Long-lasting or recurring seizures may be a condition called status epilepticus. It can cause serious problems and needs emergency treatment. To bring the seizures to an end quickly, hospitals often give drugs by IV, along with oxygen.

Epilepsy and Pregnancy

It’s safe for most women with the brain disorder to get pregnant. More than 90% of babies born to moms with epilepsy are healthy. But if you’re planning to have a child, talk to your doctor first. Anti-seizure drugs can cause health problems in infants. Your medicine or its dose may need to be changed.

Seizure Dogs

Service dogs can be trained to behave a certain way during a seizure. For example, the animal can lie next to the person to help prevent an injury. A dog can be trained to alert the parents during a child’s seizure.

Epilepsy Research

Doctors are looking for new treatments with two goals:

  • Help more people fully control their seizures.

  • Reduce treatment side effects.

Some researchers are also studying implantable devices that could alert you when a seizure is about to happen.

Living With Epilepsy

You can enjoy a full, active life. Taking your medication on schedule may stop your seizures. If not, you can get other kinds of help. A specialist can come up with ways to curb the condition’s impact on your life. The American Academy of Neurology and the Epilepsy Foundation have listings of neurologists who specialize in treating it, too.

Another useful site is https://www.epilepsysociety.org.uk  

There are some booklets to download as well as more information on first aid, well being and personal stories shared by patients from the United Kingdom.


17/Feb/2019

 

healthy lifestyle isn’t just diet and exercise. So, what is a healthy lifestyle? Today we go over the components of leading a healthy lifestyle and how it’s important to lead a balanced life.

Many people are promoting the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle, but what does that actually mean?

In general, most would agree that a healthy person doesn’t smoke, is at a healthy weight, eats a balanced healthy diet, thinks positively, feels relaxed, exercises regularly, has good relationships, and benefits from a good life balance.

Maybe I should start by trying to look at a few definitions for the word – lifestyle.

A definition in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language says: “A way of life or style of living that reflects the attitudes and values of a person or group”.

A final definition of lifestyle is: “The aggregation of decisions by individuals which affect their health, and over which they more or less have control”.

Definition Of A Healthy Lifestyle

The World Health Organization in 1946 defined health as ‘A complete state of mental, physical and social well-being not merely the absence of disease’.

Wikipedia defines a lifestyle as the way a person lives. This includes patterns of social relations, consumption, entertainment, and dress. A lifestyle typically also reflects an individual’s attitudes, values or worldview. A healthy lifestyle is generally characterized as a “balanced life” in which one makes “wise choices”.

What is the definition of Healthy Living?

The actual definition of Healthy Living is the steps, actions and strategies one puts in place to achieve optimum health.

Healthy Living is about taking responsibility for your decisions and making smart health choices for today and for the future. So healthy living would consist of:

Physical (For the Body)

You Also Need to Give and Receive

  • Forgiveness

  • Love and Compassion

  • You Need to Laugh and Experience Happiness

  • You Need Joyful Relationships with Yourself and Others

Emotional Wellness (For the Mind)

  • Self-Supportive Attitudes

  • Positive Thoughts and Viewpoints

  • Positive Self-Image

Spiritual Wellness

  • Inner Calmness

  • Openness to Your Creativity

  • Trust in Your Inner Knowing

And all aspects of one’s self, must work in harmony to achieve wellness, so you need to create a balanced life.

Why is it Important?

A healthy lifestyle is a valuable resource for reducing the incidence and impact of health problems, for recovery, for coping with life stressors, and for improving quality of life. There is a growing body of scientific evidence that shows our lifestyles play a huge part in how healthy we are. From what we eat and drink, to how much exercise we take, and whether we smoke or take drugs, all will affect our health, not only in terms of life expectancy, but how long we can expect to live without experiencing chronic disease.

Conditions such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, joint disease, and mental illness are responsible for a vast number of deaths and disabilities. Currently, we rely almost exclusively on the provision of clinical care by highly trained health professionals as our major strategy to deal with these conditions. Many health problems can be prevented or at least their occurrence postponed by having a healthy lifestyle.

Why don’t you have a healthy lifestyle?

It’s a busy life for most of us. And keeping ourselves healthy is all too rarely near the top of our list of ‘things to do’. Convenience often wins – we are all so busy that convenience is at a premium.

Good Health Is “Simple – But It’s Not Easy”

It is so important to make ‘keeping healthy’ a part of our day-to-day living habits. Your health depends on what you do throughout the day, every day. A healthy lifestyle is absolutely vital. Here is a real simple solution – slowly improve your lifestyle in a step-by-step way. If you take one new health step every two months, for example, in two to three years you will be among the healthiest ten percent of people in the Western world. And boy will you see and feel the benefits.

Improvements do not have to be large steps; take one small step for your health today, keep that one going, and add another one every two months. Have a plan – maybe introduce 6 improvements over the course of a year.

Can You Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle?

Whatever your age, fitness level or body shape, it’s never too soon or too late to start thinking about living healthily. You can take a step towards healthy living by making one change now to your daily life. That won’t be so hard will it?

Are You Living A Healthy Lifestyle?

Do you wake up with enthusiasm for the day ahead? Do you have the high energy you need to do what you want? Do you laugh easily and often, especially at yourself? Do you confidently find solutions for the challenges in your life? Do you feel valued and appreciated? Do you appreciate others and let them know it? Do you have a circle of warm, caring friends? Do the choices you make every day get you what you want?

The Components of a Healthy Lifestyle

Eating Healthily

The right nutrition is necessary to live a healthy lifestyle. Your body requires a well-balanced diet every day in order to maintain the adequate amounts of vitamins, nutrients and minerals needed to maintain a healthy body.

To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art – La Rochefoucauld (French Writer)

An Active Lifestyle

You will need to include fitness as part of your life. Physical fitness keeps your weight in check, helps you sleep better at night, prevents heart attacks and strokes and other health problems, and generally prolongs your life. Basically, there are so many benefits of exercising that you really can’t live a full life without it.

Those who think they have not time for bodily exercise will sooner or later have to find time for illness – Edward Stanley (Earl of Derby)

Stress Management

Emotional stress plays an important role in many illnesses, both directly and indirectly. People are also more likely to smoke, overeat, drink too much, work too hard, argue with others and so on, when they are feeling stressed. Thus, stress management is an important part of your new lifestyle, and meditation and relaxation techniques are truly a key part of living a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases of the soul are more dangerous and more numerous than those of the body – Marcus Tullius Cicero (Roman Philosopher)

Make Friends with Yourself

Loving yourself is a key to a healthy, happy lifestyle. Self-esteem is all about how much people value themselves; the pride they feel in themselves, and how worthwhile they feel. Self-esteem is important because feeling good about yourself can affect how you act.

The power of love to change bodies is legendary, built into folklore, common sense, and everyday experience. Love moves the flesh, it pushes matter around… Throughout history, “tender loving care” has uniformly been recognized as a valuable element in healing – Larry Dossey (Physician)

Powering Up Your Mind and Body

Program your mind for total success. Develop a vision, a compelling future that excites and inspires you, and focus on it daily. Don’t let anything knock you of course, or make you question its possibility. I promise you, by taking control of your thoughts, you will improve your life in a big way.

In minds crammed with thoughts, organs clogged with toxins, and bodies stiffened with neglect, there is just no space for anything else – Alison Rose Levy (Journalist)

Life Balance

If you want to achieve a healthy lifestyle you must take steps to ensure you maintain a certain level of balance… spiritually, physically, emotionally, socially, mentally and financially. You need to balance work and family, and all the other areas of your life without spreading yourself too thin and having a guilt trip when you do one thing, but think you should be doing another. All of the key areas of our lives overlap and interlink, affecting each other. Unless we create for ourselves satisfaction in each and every part of our life, we can never truly be fulfilled, or live a contented, happy and healthy life.

No success in public life can compensate for failure in the home – Benjamin Disraeli (British Prime Minister)

Being Healthy is so important. Just change one thing in your life today. Have a healthy life beginning now. Living a healthy lifestyle will bring you happiness, health and the life of your dreams. You can fit into your favorite pair of jeans again. You can enjoy all the benefits that perfect health offers you. You can feel your best at all times of the day.

With courtesy of: https://www.healthylifestylesliving.com/category/health/


Polio.jpg
17/Feb/2019

Polio

Also called: poliomyelitis

Polio

Mother helping her son walk. Close-up of destroyed nerve cells in the spinal cord that cause muscle wasting and paralysis.

ABOUT Polio: It is a virus that may cause paralysis and is easily preventable by the polio vaccine.

Fast facts about Polio:

  • Preventable by vaccine
  • Treatment can help, but this condition can’t be cured
  • Requires a medical diagnosis
  • Lab tests or imaging always required
  • Polio is transmitted through contaminated water or food, or contact with an infected person.

Many people who are infected with the polio virus don’t become sick and have no symptoms. However, those who do become ill develop paralysis, which can sometimes be fatal 

SYMPTOMS

You can have no symptoms, but people may experience:

Whole body: fatigue, feeling faint, fever, or wasting away

Muscular: muscle weakness, loss of muscle, or muscle quiver

Also, common: headache, nausea, or slow growth

 

TREATMENTS

Treatment varies

Treatment includes bed rest, pain relievers and portable ventilators.

 

Prevention

  • Hygiene – Personal cleanliness that promotes health and well-being. For example, washing hands before eating.
  • Self-care –Bed rest – Reducing activity for a short period of time following injury or illness to promote healing.

Therapies

Medications

Specialists

 

Consult a doctor for medical advice if any of these symptoms occur.

Sources: Mayo Clinic and others


optima_logo_white

The Optima Psychiatric Hospital, a healing centre, situated in the Bloemfontein suburb, Hospitaalpark, accommodating 81 patients and is operated by a company consisting of nine partners, all Psychiatrists.

Latest news

Contact Details

17 Addison St, Bloemfontein, 9301
Phone: 051 502 1800
Fax: 051 502 1810
Information
Email: help.optima@mcare.co.za
Admissions
Email: admin@optimabloem.co.za
© 2019 M-Care Optima - Website design & development by Digital Platforms