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National Child Protection Week (CPW) is observed in South Africa annually to raise awareness of the rights of children as articulated in the Children’s Act of 2005.

South Africa has drafted legislation, based on the United Convention of the Rights of the Child, the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the Constitution.

The campaign began in 1997 and it aims to mobilize all sectors of society to ensure that children and cared for and protected. While the initiative is led by the Minister of Social Development, it is every citizen’s duty to a role in protecting children and creating a safe and secure environment for them. Children in South Africa live in a society with a Constitution that has the highest regard for their rights and for the equality and dignity of everyone. Protecting children from violence, exploitation and abuse is not only a basic value, but also an obligation clearly set out in Article 28 of the South African Constitution.

Great things are done by a series of small things brought together, therefore, each person can participate in the CPW campaign by educating themselves and sharing with others The Bill of Rights in the Constitution Section 28 which states the rights that every child has;
1. Every child has the right –
a) to a name and a nationality from birth;
b) to family care or parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment;
c) to basic nutrition, shelter, basic health care services and social services;
d) to be protected from maltreatment, neglect, abuse or degradation;
e) to be protected from exploitative labour practices;
f) not to be required or permitted to perform work or provide services that –
i) are inappropriate for a person of that child’s age; or
ii) place at risk the child’s well-being, education, physical or   mental health or spiritual, moral or social development;
g) not to be detained except as a measure of last resort, in which case, in addition to the rights a child enjoys under sections 12 and 35, the child may be detained only for the shortest appropriate period of time, and has the right to be –
i) kept separately from detained persons over the age of 18 years; and
ii) treated in a manner, and kept in conditions, that take account of the child’s age;
h) to have a legal practitioner assigned to the child by the state, and at state expense, in civil proceedings affecting the child, if substantial injustice would otherwise result; and
i) not to be used directly in armed conflict, and to be protected in times of armed conflict.
2. A child’s best interests are of paramount importance in every matter concerning the child.
3. In this section, “child” means a person under the age of 18 years.

The CPW campaign was initiated in 1997 to raise awareness about the need for communities to protect children from abuse, neglect, exploitation and other forms of violence and ill-treatment.

Let us be reminded by the words of Nelson Mandela, in his speech at the dedication of Qunu and Nkalane Schools in June 1995 when he said; “our children are the rock on which our future will be built, our greatest asset as a nation. They will be the leaders of our country, the creators of our national wealth who care for and protect our people”.

Where to get help:
The Department of Social Development has a pilot a 24-hour call centre dedicated to provide support and counselling to victims of gender-based violence:
• The toll-free number to call is 0800 428 428 (0800 GBV GBV) to speak to a social worker for assistance and counselling.
• Callers can also request a social worker from the Command Centre to contact them by dialing *120*7867# (free) from any cell phone.
You can also get help at:
• Childline South Africa: 0800 055 555
• Child Welfare South Africa: 0861 4 CHILD (24453) / 011 452-4110 / e-mail:


On the 12th of May 2019 it is International Nurses day. From everyone at M-Care Optima we would like to thank each and every Nurse that makes a patient’s life a little easier.  You are very special to all the patients.

“Prayer for a Special Nurse”
Long before you entered nursing
The Lord had played His part,
Planting seeds of love and kindness
In the portals of your heart.
For it’s clear that you’ve been gifted
With a sympathetic ear,
And blessed from the beginning
Whit a willingness to cheer.
And the people who you care for
Are better off by far,
When they’re touched by your compassion,
By the person that you are.
For in times of woe and worry
When they’re frightened or they’re blue,
No one could be more consoling than the friend they’ll find in you.

– Author Unknown


The South African National Burn Safety Awareness Week is from 6 to 12 May. The National Burns Association of South Africa (NBASA) has some important information to share on burns awareness and safety.

Burns awareness and safety at home

  • Have working smoke alarms in your home
  • Have an ESCAPE plan
  • Use quick release devices on security-barred windows
  • Learn at least two escape routes/emergency exits from each room.

ARM yourself with KNOWLEDGE

  • Use the correct equipment (fire extinguishers in the kitchen, etc.)
  • Keep Burnshield products for burns
  • Call 10177 for help in a fire situation or 112 on a cell phone.

Hot water or liquids can cause burns

  • Adjust the temperature of the geyser to 55°C
  • When cooking with oil, have a lid nearby that can be quickly placed over any oil if it ignites. A wet cloth or baking powder can also be used to smother the flames
    • Never throw water onto burning oil, it can spread the fire and also cause an explosion
    • Have a fire extinguisher and a fire blanket available in the kitchen.

Electricity can cause fires or burns

  • Do not overload electrical circuits, especially extension cords
  • Supplying other properties or buildings with electricity by using long extensions, especially if they cross streets, can lead to electrocution and fire
  • Never use electrical appliances with wet hands, in the bathroom or pool, as water conducts electricity
  • Always unplug heat-producing appliances when not in use, especially irons and heaters
  • A heater must be at least 1m away from anything that may catch fire (clothing, furniture or curtains). DO NOT dry clothes on a heater.

For more information visit the National Burn Awareness South Africa website.



What is a head injury?

A head injury is any sort of injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. This can range from a mild bump or bruise to a traumatic brain injury. Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds. The consequences and treatments vary greatly, depending on what caused your head injury and how severe it is.

Head injuries may be either closed or open. A closed head injury is any injury that doesn’t break your skull. An open (penetrating) head injury is one in which something breaks your scalp and skull and enters your brain.

It can be hard to assess how serious a head injury is just by looking. Some minor head injuries bleed a lot, while some major injuries don’t bleed at all. It’s important to treat all head injuries seriously and get them assessed by a doctor.

Indications of head injury

What causes a head injury?

In general, head injuries can be divided into two categories based on what causes them. They can either be head injuries due to blows to the head or head injuries due to shaking. Head injuries caused by shaking are most common in infants and small children, but they can occur any time you experience violent shaking.

Head injuries caused by a blow to the head are usually associated with:

In most cases, your skull will protect your brain from serious harm. However, injuries severe enough to cause head injury can also be associated with injuries to the spine.

Lateral view of skeleton and brain, showing a brain injury; SOURCE: Screenshot from Concussion Video; V1004
Lateral view of skeleton and brain, showing a brain injury; SOURCE: Screenshot from Concussion Video; V1004

What are the major types of head injuries?


A hematoma is a collection, or clotting, of blood outside the blood vessels. It can be very serious if a hematoma occurs in the brain. The clotting can lead to pressure building up inside your skull. This can cause you to lose consciousness or result in permanent brain damage.


A hemorrhage is uncontrolled bleeding. There can be bleeding in the space around your brain, called subarachnoid hemorrhage, or bleeding within your brain tissue, called intracerebral hemorrhage.

Subarachnoid hemorrhages often cause headaches and vomiting. The severity of intracerebral hemorrhages depends on how much bleeding there is, but over time any amount of blood can cause pressure buildup.


concussion occurs when the impact on the head is severe enough to cause brain injury. It’s thought to be the result of the brain hitting against the hard walls of your skull or the forces of sudden acceleration and deceleration. Generally speaking, the loss of function associated with a concussion is temporary. However, repeated concussions can eventually lead to permanent damage.


Any brain injury can lead to edema, or swelling. Many injuries cause swelling of the surrounding tissues, but it’s more serious when it occurs in your brain. Your skull can’t stretch to accommodate the swelling. This leads to pressure buildup in your brain, causing your brain to press against your skull.

Skull fracture

Unlike most bones in your body, your skull doesn’t have bone marrow. This makes the skull very strong and difficult to break. A broken skull is unable to absorb the impact of a blow, making it more likely that there’ll also be damage to your brain. Learn more about skull fractures.

Diffuse axonal injury

A diffuse axonal injury (sheer injury) is an injury to the brain that doesn’t cause bleeding but does damage the brain cells. The damage to the brain cells results in them not being able to function. It can also result in swelling, causing more damage. Though it isn’t as outwardly visible as other forms of brain injury, a diffuse axonal injury is one of the most dangerous types of head injuries. It can lead to permanent brain damage and even death.

What are the symptoms of a head injury?

Your head has more blood vessels than any other part of your body, so bleeding on the surface of your brain or within your brain is a serious concern in head injuries. However, not all head injuries cause bleeding.

It’s important to be aware of other symptoms to watch out for. Many symptoms of serious brain injury won’t appear right away. You should always continue to monitor your symptoms for several days after you injure your head.

Common symptoms of a minor head injury include:

The symptoms of a severe head injury include many of the symptoms of minor head injuries. They can also include:

When does a head injury require medical attention?

Head injuries shouldn’t be taken lightly. See your doctor right away if you think you have the symptoms of a serious head injury.

In particular, you should always seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following:

  • loss of consciousness
  • confusion
  • disorientation

Either call your local emergency services or go to an emergency room. Even if you don’t go to the ER immediately after the injury occurs, you should seek help if you still have symptoms after a day or two.In the case of a potentially serious head injury, you should always call your local emergency services. Motion can sometimes make a head injury worse. Emergency medical personnel are trained to move injured people carefully without causing more damage.

How is a head injury diagnosed?

One of the first ways your doctor will assess your head injury is with the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS). The GCS is a 15-point test that assesses your mental status. A high GCS score indicates a less severe injury.

Your doctor will need to know the circumstances of your injury. Often, if you’ve had a head injury, you won’t remember the details of the accident. If it’s possible, you should bring someone with you who witnessed the accident. It will be important for your doctor to determine if you lost consciousness and for how long if you did.

Your doctor will also examine you to look for signs of trauma, including bruising and swelling. You’re also likely to get a neurological examination. During this exam, your doctor will evaluate your nerve function by assessing your muscle control and strength, eye movement, and sensation, among other things.

Imaging tests are commonly used to diagnose head injuries. A CT scan will help your doctor look for fractures, evidence of bleeding and clotting, brain swelling, and any other structural damage. CT scans are fast and accurate, so they’re typically the first type of imaging you’ll receive. You may also receive an MRI scan. This can offer a more detailed view of the brain. An MRI scan will usually only be ordered once you’re in stable condition.

How is a head injury treated?

The treatment for head injuries depends on both the type and the severity of the injury.

With minor head injuries, there are often no symptoms other than pain at the site of the injury. In these cases, you may be told to take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for the pain.

You shouldn’t take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) or aspirin (Bayer). These can make any bleeding worse. If you have an open cut, your doctor may use sutures or staples to close it. They’ll then cover it with a bandage.

Even if your injury seems minor, you should still watch your condition to make sure it doesn’t get worse. It isn’t true that you shouldn’t go to sleep after you have injured your head. But you should be woken up every two hours or so to check for any new symptoms. You should go back to the doctor if you develop any new or worsening symptoms.

You may need to be hospitalized if you have a serious head injury. The treatment you receive at the hospital will depend on your diagnosis.

The treatment for severe head injuries can include:


If you’ve had a severe brain injury, you may be given anti-seizure medication. You’re at risk for seizures in the week following your injury. You may be given diuretics if your injury has caused pressure buildup in your brain. Diuretics cause you to excrete more fluids. This can help relieve some of the pressure. If your injury is very serious, you may be given medication to put you in an induced coma. This may be an appropriate treatment if your blood vessels are damaged. When you’re in a coma, your brain doesn’t need as much oxygen and nutrients as it normally does.


It may be necessary to do emergency surgery to prevent further damage to your brain. For example, your doctor may need to operate to:

  • remove a hematoma
  • repair your skull
  • release some of the pressure in your skull


If you’ve had a serious brain injury, you’ll most likely need rehabilitation to regain full brain function. The type of rehabilitation you get will depend on what functionality you’ve lost as a result of your injury. People who’ve had a brain injury will often need help regaining mobility and speech.

What’s to be expected in the long term?

The outlook depends on the severity of your injury. Most people who’ve had minor head injuries experience no lasting consequences. People who’ve had serious head injuries may face permanent changes in their personality, physical abilities, and ability to think.

Severe head injuries in childhood can be particularly concerning. It’s generally thought developing brains are susceptible to injuries. There’s ongoing research studying this issue.

Your healthcare team will work with you to ensure that you have as full of a recovery as possible.

Associated Effects of TBI



On 21 March 2019 it is World Down Syndrome day. We found some facts, myths and a step-by-step guide for parents curtsy of Down Syndrome South Africa.

Facts about Down syndrome

Down syndrome is a chromosomal disorder arising at the time of conception. There is an extra number 21 chromosome (Trisomy 21) which causes delays in physical and intellectual development. The exact cause of Down syndrome is currently unknown. It is not related to race, age, religion and socio-economic status and is one of the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorders. Down syndrome is characterised by a variety of unique features and a wide range of abilities in physical and cognitive areas of development. Intellectual ability cannot be assessed by the number of clinical signs and symptoms present.

The majority of people with Down syndrome fall in the mild to moderate range of intellectual disability. The incidence of Down syndrome is estimated to be one in every 1000 live births in developed countries and one in every 650 live births in developing countries. (In South Africa it is roughly one in every 500)

Women over the age of 35 are at a higher risk of having a child with Down syndrome. Nevertheless, more than 80% of children with Down syndrome are currently being born to mothers under the age of 35. Although it cannot be cured, people with Down syndrome benefit from loving homes, appropriate medical care, early intervention, educational and vocational services. Due to advanced medical care, the majority of people born with Down syndrome today have a life expectancy of approximately fifty-five years. The person with Down syndrome has the same emotions and needs as any other person and deserves the same opportunities and care. The proper and accepted terminology for this disability is DOWN SYNDROME.

Down Syndrome


MYTH: If a member of your family has Down syndrome you are more likely to have a baby with the condition.
FACT: Untrue, 99% of cases of Down syndrome are not inherited.

MYTH: People with the condition are incontinent
FACT: The vast majority of children with Down syndrome use the toilet like everyone else

MYTH: People with Down syndrome do not live very long.
FACT: People with Down syndrome have an average life expectancy living up to 60 or 70 years

MYTH: Children with Down syndrome will not thrive outside special schools, and only go to school to make friends and not to learn
FACT: On the contrary, increasing numbers of children with Down syndrome attend mainstream schools, and go on to achieve employment

MYTH: Babies with Down syndrome cannot breast feed
FACT: Babies with Down syndrome can and do breast feed successfully

Please click on the following links for the brochure in your preferred language as well as the step by step guide.




STEP BY STEP Guide for parents.






Also called: TB, consumption

A potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs.

  • Partly preventable by vaccine

  • Treatable by a medical professional

  • Spreads by airborne droplets

  • Requires a medical diagnosis

  • Lab tests or imaging always required

  • Medium-term: resolves within months

The bacteria that cause TB are spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

Most people infected with the bacteria that cause tuberculosis don’t have symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually include a cough (sometimes blood-tinged), weight loss, night sweats and fever.Treatment isn’t always required for those without symptoms. Patients with active symptoms will require a long course of treatment involving multiple antibiotics. Always consult a doctor for medical advice

Sources: Mayo Clinic and others.

TB Signs and Symptoms             Pulmonary TB


What Is Epilepsy?

It’s a problem with your brain’s electrical system. A surge of electrical impulses causes brief changes in movement, behavior, feeling, or awareness. These events, known as seizures, last from a few seconds to a few minutes. People who’ve had two or more seizures without obvious triggers at least 24 hours apart have epilepsy.

What Are the Symptoms?

Epilepsy can cause convulsions — sudden, uncontrolled movements. But seizures can trigger a wide range of other symptoms, from staring to falling to fumbling with clothes. Most doctors divide them into different types, according to how they affect your brain. Each has its own set of symptoms.

Absence Seizures

These are often described as staring spells. The person stops what he’s doing, stares into space for a few seconds, then goes on like nothing happened. It’s most common in children and usually starts between the ages of 4 and 12. Some kids have as many as 100 absence seizures in 1 day.

Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures

These used to be called grand mal seizures, and they’re the most easily spotted. Your arms and legs stiffen, then begin to jerk. This can last up to 3 minutes. After it happens, you’ll probably be tired and confused. This type of seizure involves many areas of the brain.

Focal Onset Seizures

Also called partial seizures, these start in one part of your brain. You might make jerking motions or see things that aren’t there, but still be aware of what’s happening. If you have a complex partial seizure, you might wander, mumble, smack your lips, or fumble with your clothes. Others might think you’re conscious, but you won’t be aware of what you’re doing.

What Causes Epilepsy?

Anything that disrupts the brain’s natural circuitry can bring on this disorder:

  • Genes

  • A change in the structure of your brain

  • Severe head injury

  • Brain infection or disease

  • Stroke

  • Lack of oxygen

Most people with epilepsy never find a specific cause.

Do Kids Get Epilepsy?

Yes, but some outgrow it in a few years. Regular medication often stops it. If drugs alone don’t keep it under control, other treatments may help. A well-informed school staff can help a child with epilepsy safely take part in most activities.

Diagnosis: EEG

A doctor will review the description of your seizures and your medical history, then examine you. He’ll give you a test called an electroencephalogram (EEG) to confirm a diagnosis and get more information about your seizures. It’s a painless procedure that records your brain’s electrical activity as wavy lines. The pattern changes during a seizure and may show which part of the brain is affected. That can help guide your treatment.

Diagnosis: Brain Scan

Detailed images of your brain from tests like CT or MRI scans can help doctors rule out some things as causes, like a change in the structure of your brain, bleeding, or masses. A CT scan is a powerful type of X-ray, and an MRI uses magnets and radio waves to make pictures. This information will help your doctor come up with the best treatment plan for you.

Epilepsy Complications

The best way to avoid them is to find a treatment that helps you, and stick with it. Most people with the brain disorder live a long time, and they’re rarely injured during seizures. But if you fall during them, you may need a helmet to protect your head. Some types of seizures may make an early death more likely, but this is rare.

Safety Measures

Because seizures often strike without warning, some activities are dangerous. Losing consciousness while swimming or taking a bath could be life-threatening. The same goes for many extreme sports, like mountain climbing. Most states require you to be seizure-free for a certain amount of time before driving a car.

Treatment: Medication

Anti-seizure drugs are the most common epilepsy treatment. If a medication doesn’t work, your doctor may adjust the dose or prescribe a different drug for you. About two-thirds of people with the brain disorder become seizure-free by taking their meds as prescribed.

Treatment: Ketogenic Diet

If medications don’t work, a doctor may suggest this eating plan. It’s strict, and your medical team will watch you closely while you do it. The diet is high in fat and protein, and low in carbs — a mix that makes your body burn fat instead of sugar. This creates changes in your brain that help lower your chances of seizures. More than half of children who follow this diet have at least 50% fewer seizures. Some even stop having them.

Treatment: Stimulation Therapies

There are several types:

  • VNS. It stands for vagus nerve stimulation. Sometimes it’s called a pacemaker for your brain. It sends electrical pulses through a large nerve in your neck.

  • Cortical stimulation. Surgeons place electrodes on the surface of your brain.

  • Deep brain stimulation. Electrodes placed deep in the brain can cut seizures by 50% or more for some people.

Treatment: Surgery

It can stop partial seizures. If the medical team finds that yours always begin in a single area of your brain, removing that area may stop them or make them easier to manage. Surgery also treats conditions that cause seizures, like a brain tumor.

First Aid for Seizures

If you see someone having a seizure, take the following steps:

  • Time how long it lasts.

  • Clear the area of anything hard or sharp.

  • Loosen anything at the neck that may affect her breathing.

  • Turn her onto her side.

  • Put something soft beneath her head.

  • Don’t place anything inside her mouth.

Call 911 if a seizure lasts more than 5 minutes, happens again, or the person is pregnant, injured, or has diabetes.

Treatment for Status Seizures

Long-lasting or recurring seizures may be a condition called status epilepticus. It can cause serious problems and needs emergency treatment. To bring the seizures to an end quickly, hospitals often give drugs by IV, along with oxygen.

Epilepsy and Pregnancy

It’s safe for most women with the brain disorder to get pregnant. More than 90% of babies born to moms with epilepsy are healthy. But if you’re planning to have a child, talk to your doctor first. Anti-seizure drugs can cause health problems in infants. Your medicine or its dose may need to be changed.

Seizure Dogs

Service dogs can be trained to behave a certain way during a seizure. For example, the animal can lie next to the person to help prevent an injury. A dog can be trained to alert the parents during a child’s seizure.

Epilepsy Research

Doctors are looking for new treatments with two goals:

  • Help more people fully control their seizures.

  • Reduce treatment side effects.

Some researchers are also studying implantable devices that could alert you when a seizure is about to happen.

Living With Epilepsy

You can enjoy a full, active life. Taking your medication on schedule may stop your seizures. If not, you can get other kinds of help. A specialist can come up with ways to curb the condition’s impact on your life. The American Academy of Neurology and the Epilepsy Foundation have listings of neurologists who specialize in treating it, too.

Another useful site is  

There are some booklets to download as well as more information on first aid, well being and personal stories shared by patients from the United Kingdom.



healthy lifestyle isn’t just diet and exercise. So, what is a healthy lifestyle? Today we go over the components of leading a healthy lifestyle and how it’s important to lead a balanced life.

Many people are promoting the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle, but what does that actually mean?

In general, most would agree that a healthy person doesn’t smoke, is at a healthy weight, eats a balanced healthy diet, thinks positively, feels relaxed, exercises regularly, has good relationships, and benefits from a good life balance.

Maybe I should start by trying to look at a few definitions for the word – lifestyle.

A definition in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language says: “A way of life or style of living that reflects the attitudes and values of a person or group”.

A final definition of lifestyle is: “The aggregation of decisions by individuals which affect their health, and over which they more or less have control”.

Definition Of A Healthy Lifestyle

The World Health Organization in 1946 defined health as ‘A complete state of mental, physical and social well-being not merely the absence of disease’.

Wikipedia defines a lifestyle as the way a person lives. This includes patterns of social relations, consumption, entertainment, and dress. A lifestyle typically also reflects an individual’s attitudes, values or worldview. A healthy lifestyle is generally characterized as a “balanced life” in which one makes “wise choices”.

What is the definition of Healthy Living?

The actual definition of Healthy Living is the steps, actions and strategies one puts in place to achieve optimum health.

Healthy Living is about taking responsibility for your decisions and making smart health choices for today and for the future. So healthy living would consist of:

Physical (For the Body)

You Also Need to Give and Receive

  • Forgiveness

  • Love and Compassion

  • You Need to Laugh and Experience Happiness

  • You Need Joyful Relationships with Yourself and Others

Emotional Wellness (For the Mind)

  • Self-Supportive Attitudes

  • Positive Thoughts and Viewpoints

  • Positive Self-Image

Spiritual Wellness

  • Inner Calmness

  • Openness to Your Creativity

  • Trust in Your Inner Knowing

And all aspects of one’s self, must work in harmony to achieve wellness, so you need to create a balanced life.

Why is it Important?

A healthy lifestyle is a valuable resource for reducing the incidence and impact of health problems, for recovery, for coping with life stressors, and for improving quality of life. There is a growing body of scientific evidence that shows our lifestyles play a huge part in how healthy we are. From what we eat and drink, to how much exercise we take, and whether we smoke or take drugs, all will affect our health, not only in terms of life expectancy, but how long we can expect to live without experiencing chronic disease.

Conditions such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, joint disease, and mental illness are responsible for a vast number of deaths and disabilities. Currently, we rely almost exclusively on the provision of clinical care by highly trained health professionals as our major strategy to deal with these conditions. Many health problems can be prevented or at least their occurrence postponed by having a healthy lifestyle.

Why don’t you have a healthy lifestyle?

It’s a busy life for most of us. And keeping ourselves healthy is all too rarely near the top of our list of ‘things to do’. Convenience often wins – we are all so busy that convenience is at a premium.

Good Health Is “Simple – But It’s Not Easy”

It is so important to make ‘keeping healthy’ a part of our day-to-day living habits. Your health depends on what you do throughout the day, every day. A healthy lifestyle is absolutely vital. Here is a real simple solution – slowly improve your lifestyle in a step-by-step way. If you take one new health step every two months, for example, in two to three years you will be among the healthiest ten percent of people in the Western world. And boy will you see and feel the benefits.

Improvements do not have to be large steps; take one small step for your health today, keep that one going, and add another one every two months. Have a plan – maybe introduce 6 improvements over the course of a year.

Can You Adopt A Healthy Lifestyle?

Whatever your age, fitness level or body shape, it’s never too soon or too late to start thinking about living healthily. You can take a step towards healthy living by making one change now to your daily life. That won’t be so hard will it?

Are You Living A Healthy Lifestyle?

Do you wake up with enthusiasm for the day ahead? Do you have the high energy you need to do what you want? Do you laugh easily and often, especially at yourself? Do you confidently find solutions for the challenges in your life? Do you feel valued and appreciated? Do you appreciate others and let them know it? Do you have a circle of warm, caring friends? Do the choices you make every day get you what you want?

The Components of a Healthy Lifestyle

Eating Healthily

The right nutrition is necessary to live a healthy lifestyle. Your body requires a well-balanced diet every day in order to maintain the adequate amounts of vitamins, nutrients and minerals needed to maintain a healthy body.

To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art – La Rochefoucauld (French Writer)

An Active Lifestyle

You will need to include fitness as part of your life. Physical fitness keeps your weight in check, helps you sleep better at night, prevents heart attacks and strokes and other health problems, and generally prolongs your life. Basically, there are so many benefits of exercising that you really can’t live a full life without it.

Those who think they have not time for bodily exercise will sooner or later have to find time for illness – Edward Stanley (Earl of Derby)

Stress Management

Emotional stress plays an important role in many illnesses, both directly and indirectly. People are also more likely to smoke, overeat, drink too much, work too hard, argue with others and so on, when they are feeling stressed. Thus, stress management is an important part of your new lifestyle, and meditation and relaxation techniques are truly a key part of living a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases of the soul are more dangerous and more numerous than those of the body – Marcus Tullius Cicero (Roman Philosopher)

Make Friends with Yourself

Loving yourself is a key to a healthy, happy lifestyle. Self-esteem is all about how much people value themselves; the pride they feel in themselves, and how worthwhile they feel. Self-esteem is important because feeling good about yourself can affect how you act.

The power of love to change bodies is legendary, built into folklore, common sense, and everyday experience. Love moves the flesh, it pushes matter around… Throughout history, “tender loving care” has uniformly been recognized as a valuable element in healing – Larry Dossey (Physician)

Powering Up Your Mind and Body

Program your mind for total success. Develop a vision, a compelling future that excites and inspires you, and focus on it daily. Don’t let anything knock you of course, or make you question its possibility. I promise you, by taking control of your thoughts, you will improve your life in a big way.

In minds crammed with thoughts, organs clogged with toxins, and bodies stiffened with neglect, there is just no space for anything else – Alison Rose Levy (Journalist)

Life Balance

If you want to achieve a healthy lifestyle you must take steps to ensure you maintain a certain level of balance… spiritually, physically, emotionally, socially, mentally and financially. You need to balance work and family, and all the other areas of your life without spreading yourself too thin and having a guilt trip when you do one thing, but think you should be doing another. All of the key areas of our lives overlap and interlink, affecting each other. Unless we create for ourselves satisfaction in each and every part of our life, we can never truly be fulfilled, or live a contented, happy and healthy life.

No success in public life can compensate for failure in the home – Benjamin Disraeli (British Prime Minister)

Being Healthy is so important. Just change one thing in your life today. Have a healthy life beginning now. Living a healthy lifestyle will bring you happiness, health and the life of your dreams. You can fit into your favorite pair of jeans again. You can enjoy all the benefits that perfect health offers you. You can feel your best at all times of the day.

With courtesy of:


The Optima Psychiatric Hospital, a healing centre, situated in the Bloemfontein suburb, Hospitaalpark, accommodating 81 patients and is operated by a company consisting of nine partners, all Psychiatrists.

Contact Details

17 Addison St, Bloemfontein, 9301
Phone: 051 502 1800
Fax: 051 502 1810
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